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Tumescent Liposuction

Before the tumescent technique, traditional liposuction involved making large incisions in the fatty areas to allow insertion of long cannulas, which are long hollow needles with holes at the end. With tumescent liposuction, one or more small incisions are made allowing less invasive micro-cannulas to be used. These micro-cannulas provide more targeted and controlled removal of fat. As a result, surgeons are able to contour the treated area more effectively.

Advantages of the Tumescent Liposuction

  • Local anesthesia is used instead of general anesthesia, which eliminates some of the general anesthesia related side effects such as dizziness, lightheadedness, or faintness
  • The swelling of the fatty deposits amplifies the targeted areas for liposuction. This reduces the chance of undergoing a secondary procedure.
  • There is less blood loss and fluid loss
  • There is less scarring because smaller incisions are made
  • The time to recover is a lot shorter than traditional liposuction
  • The use of the micro-cannulas reduces any bruising or swelling
Since the cannulas have been miniaturized they now can be inserted through much smaller openings of the skin. A number of small holes may be placed in the skin around the treated area. The cannulas are inserted through these small openings and the fat is removed.

How Tumescent Liposuction is Performed

The tumescent technique prepares fatty tissue for removal by causing it to swell and firm up. A local anesthetic solution known as lidocaine is injected into the fatty area along with a solution to constrict the blood vessels. The constriction of blood vessels lessens blood loss and bruising before and after the operation. The lidocaine is then absorbed by the fatty tissue, which causes the tissues to become swollen and firm. This technique allows a large area of fatty tissue to be numbed so that a larger area of liposuction can be performed. The expanded compartments permit the liposuction cannula to pass under the skin smoothly to remove the fat.

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